Ayam Cemani Chicken : 9 Interesting Information About Cemani Chicken That You Must Know
From so many varieties of chicken in the world, ayam cemani chicken is one of the most interesting and unusual breeds. Why is it so? This chicken is so special and unique that this topic is never-ending. Even, the information we are going to share with you on this site will never be enough to discover all about ayam cemani chicken. All right, let’s discover cemani chicken from the basic first!
What Is Ayam Cemani Chicken?
What are you thinking when you hear the word ‘all-black chickens’? That’s a suitable term to mention ayam cemani chicken. As we mention in the previous section that cemani chicken is one of the most unusual and interesting breeds. The most popular thing about this chicken is the color which is all black in the whole body – inside and outside!
Can you imagine the appearance of this chicken after finding that fact? This is real. Ayam cemani chicken is very well-known for its pitch-black color that covers them from head to toe. And this is one reason that makes this chicken is claimed as one of the rarest chicken in the world. This rare coloration is caused by a genetic condition called fibromelanosis. This phenomenon causes hyperpigmentation in the chickens. As a result, you can see the appearance of ayam cemani chicken which is totally black.
In fact, the skin and also feathers are not the only parts of ayam cemani chicken which are black. Their meat, bones, even the internal organs are completely black throughout as well. Even though these all-black chickens are black inside and outside, but there are also two parts of ayam cemani chicken that are not really black. Which part of the body is it? Let’s look at some of the information below.
Interesting Informations About Ayam Cemani
1. Popular Since the 19th Century
The popularity of Ayam Cemani has not only been recently, but has been recorded since the 1900s. There are several origins that underlie the presence of this cemani chicken, one of which is during the time of the Majapahit Kingdom. Which chicken is owned by one of the magic hermits named Ki Ageng Mangkuhan.
Then there is also a story that is widely believed to be that this cemani chicken comes from a cross between a local chicken and an Australorps chicken. And this incident occurred during the time when Raffles was governor of Indonesia, where the British soldiers brought the australorp chickens.
2. The Name of Cemani Comes from Sanskrit
Did you know that cemani is not from Indonesian, but comes from Sanskrit. In Sanskrit, cemani means jet black, according to its appearance which has black all over its body.
3. One of the Original Indonesian Local Chicken
This unique chicken comes from one of the villages in Indonesia. Precisely in Central Java Province, Temanggung Regency, namely Kedu Village. There are also chickens from this area, namely Kedu chickens. Temanggung is one of the areas that is included in the highlands so that it has the characteristic of a cool environment.
4. Not All parts of the Cemani Chicken’s Body are Black
It is true, this chicken is black on the outside of the body even to the internal organs and bones. But did you know that there are small parts of the cemani chicken’s body that are not black?. That lies in the tongue and blood.
Yes, most people in Indonesia still have a lot of belief that cemani chicken has a tongue and black blood, which can cure various diseases and is a requirement for customary activities. But in fact, very few cemani chickens have black tongues, most of them gray or white. Likewise with the blood, which was not black but dark red. But sometimes it’s a shame that someone deliberately gives a dangerous substance to blacken the color of their blood so that the cemani chicken has a high selling value. Although the cemani could not last long due to foreign substances that entered his body.
5. Are Cemani Chicken Eggs Black Too? The answer is, No.
Many also think that the ayam cemani eggs are black. Are the cemani chicken eggs black or are there black chicken eggs? Cemani chicken eggs are light brown like cream. Here is a photo of a cemani chicken egg from our farm.
More specifically, ayam cemani chicken eggs are similar with free-range chicken in general. The color is cream-colored, sometimes brown. The egg yolk can be in black color when the embryo of cemani chicks appears. Then, it shows that the egg is on good quality so it will be able to hatch.
Read also :
- Black Chicken Eggs – Real Or Fake? : Discover Whether Black Chicken Eggs Are Myth Or Fact
- Phenomenal Indonesian’s Rare Gothic Chicken That Is 100% Solid Black Inside And Outside
6. Genetic Mutation Causes Blackening of Cemani Chicken
Because of the uniqueness of this chicken, many people are interested in conducting research related to the causes of the appearance of the black color on almost cemani chicken bodies. Then what is the cause of the black color in cemani chicken? According to research, it is a genetic mutation that causes this black pigmentation. This genetic condition is usually referred to as fibromelanosis and causes mutation of the endothelin-3 (EDN-3) gene which causes the black color in cemani chickens.
7. Identical to Mystical Things
This one thing is not as intense as it used to be. Because of its black color and it was previously closely related that this chicken can cure various diseases. So that until now there are still those who believe it. There are also those who use cemani chicken as a requirement in traditional activities. But now, cemani chickens are more commonly known as chickens or exotic pets.
8. Known as the Lamborghini Chicken
Because of its exoticism, this chicken has a high selling price, especially outside Indonesia. Even in America, the price of this cemani chicken can reach USD 2,500. Wow, ayam cemani price it’s so expensive. But it seems that this is not a difficult thing for ornamental chicken hobbyists, because this chicken is different from the others so it is quite worth it to have.
9. Cemani Chicken Meat is Safe for Consumption
Maybe you are one of them who is curious about ayam cemani chicken meat. Because at a fantastic price, apart from being used for growing, can the meat be eaten? Cemani chicken meat is safe to eat, its color is also black, although it is not as dark as the black color of the feathers. Are you curious to try?
This black chicken meat is also rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as hemoglobin content so it is good for consumption by pregnant women. Cemani chicken meat has a chewy texture and is quite tasty. To enjoy cemani chicken, you can cook it by frying it or making soup dishes. To be sure, ayam cemani meat is safe for consumption by children and adults.
What is ayam cemani chicken food?
Like chicken in general, cemani chicken eats grains such as milled corn, red rice, or other grains. You can also give ready-made concentrate feed because it contains the nutrients needed by the cemani chicken.
With all its uniqueness makes people doesn’t stop to fall in love with ayam cemani chicken. There are even not only Indonesian people who fall in love with this chicken. Foreign people from different countries even are interested in this special chicken. Thus, they are usually looking for information about ayam cemani chicken for sale in Indonesia.
If you have a question just feel free leave a comment in the comment section below
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A cheerful face in seeing all the goodness. It’s great to see a variety of chickens and birds growing well.
Image Sources :
- Ayam cemani chicken: Owned by the author
- Adult Cemani Chicken: Owned by the author
- Cemani chicken tongue: Owned by the author
- Ayam cemani’s egg: Owned by the author
- All-black chicken: Owned by the author
- Cemani meat: Owned by the author